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Симптомы перелома ноги

Симптомы перелома ногиПерелом ноги представляет собой нарушение целостности большой или малой берцовой кости или бедренной кости. Существует два типа переломов.

Закрытые, при которых не повреждается кожный покров, и открытые, с повреждением кожного покрова. Основные признаки перелома ноги – обширные отеки, кровоподтек, сильная боль, изменение формы ноги, неспособность наступить на поврежденную ногу.

Первая помощь при переломе ноги заключается в наложении шин на поврежденную конечность. Шина в обязательном порядке должна захватывать суставы чуть выше и чуть ниже места перелома. Пострадавшему следует принять обезболивающий препарат и немедленно доставить его в больницу.

Восстановительный период после перелома ноги занимает длительное время. После наложения на ногу гипса врач назначает пациенту физиотерапевтические процедуры и сосудорасширяющие препараты. Полезны в период восстановления также специальные ванны, компрессы, примочки и настойки. Они помогают стимулировать сращивание кости и устранять отек, нормализовывать кровообращение.

На второй-третий день после травмы очень полезно будет провести самомассаж чуть выше и ниже наложенного гипса. Массаж поможет облегчить боль, рассосать кровоизлияние в месте перелома, ускорит образование костной мозоли и восстановление функций конечности.

После снятия гипса необходимо в обязательном порядке произвести рентгеновский контроль, проверить наличие в месте перелома костной мозоли. Если все в порядке, необходимо приступить к разрабатыванию суставов. При умеренных нагрузках функции конечности восстанавливаются быстрее.

В случае ношения гипса в течение продолжительного времени возможен отек конечности. В этом случае пораженные места необходимо смазывать троксевазином. В первые три недели следует также перевязывать ногу эластичным бинтом. Начать следует с тугого бинта и постепенно переходить к мягкому. При переломах ноги организм потребляет кальций в повышенных количествах, поэтому необходимо включать в свой рацион продукты и препараты, содержащие кальций. Вибромассаж стоп также будет полезен при реабилитации после перелома ноги. Для вибромассажа можно использовать специальные виброподушки, на которые ставятся стопы.

В первое время после снятия гипса не рекомендуются интенсивные физические нагрузки. Возвращаться к привычному ритму и образу жизни следует постепенно.



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