Главная » Женское здоровье » Травмы позвоночника и их лечение


Травмы позвоночника и их лечение

Травмы позвоночника и их лечение

Травмы позвоночника чрезвычайно опасны и остаются одной из самых сложных проблем современной медицины. Нарушения целостности позвоночника вызывают повреждения спинного мозга, что в частых случаях приводит к параличу. Спинной мозг как неврологическая структура по своим функциям и важностям идёт следом за головным мозгом. Двигательная иннервация тела, обеспечивающая связь с центральной нервной системой, может быть полностью остановлена.

Причины, типы, виды и симптоматика травм позвоночника

  1. Причинами травм позвоночника могут бытьпадение с высоты, ношение тяжестей, дорожно-транспортные происшествия, завалы в шахтах, обвалы крыш зданий, у спортсменов при нырянии, пороки развития спинного мозга, наследственность и т.д.
  2. По типам нарушений они могут быть неосложнённые, когда все функции спинного мозга и спинномозговых корешков не нарушены, не представляет угрозы для жизни, а также осложнённые, (вертебро-спинальная травма), с повреждением спинного мозга, вызывающие паралич.
  3. Симптомами могут быть недержание мочи, онемение ног и рук, пониженное давление, плохо прощупывающийся пульс, потеря руководства над опорно–двигательным аппаратом, головокружение, слабая координация.
  4. Виды: хлыстовая – когда человек резко сгибает и разгибает шейный отдел позвоночника, перелом второго шейного позвонка (зуба), взрывная травма – перелом тела позвонка, смещённый перелом и спинальный шок – самые тяжёлые формы травм, сопровождающиеся потерей рефлексов.

Ввиду своей сложности и большого количества случаев инвалидности такие травмы приносят большие материальные затраты медицине. В современном обществе значительно снизился уровень смертности больных благодаря быстрой иммобилизации и качественному оборудованию для фиксации позвоночника.

Лечение

Областная клиническая больница известна своими высококвалифицированными врачами, успешно справляющимися с реабилитацией пациентов. Закрепление позвоночника сопровождается аппаратами ведущих производителей (Medtronic, Stryker и др.). Врачи постоянно совершенствуют свои методики, особое внимание акцентируя на:

  • вертебропластике (технология разработана во Франции и основана на том, что пациенту делают небольшой прокол в коже и небольшое миниатюрное отверстие в позвонке, а затем в полость позвонка вводится быстро затвердевающий материал, который стабилизирует область повреждения. Вся операция проводится под местным обезболиванием);
  • балонной кифопластике (используется и распространена во всём мире с конца девяностых годов, это модернизированная вертебропластика). Суть в том, что полость позвонка раздувается с помощью введённой узкой трубки (около 4 мм) специального баллончика, а затем заполняется цементом на полимерной основе. Благодаря такой процедуре восстанавливается прежняя высота и разводятся краевые пластины позвонка. По окончании баллончик вынимается.
  • Повреждение мениска устраняется артроскопической операцией.

Такие операции в областной больнице проводятся под наблюдением квалифицированных нейрохирургов, консультирующих о необходимом курсе реабилитационного лечения, диагностике. Применяются современные минимально травматичные методики протезирования с лучшей микрохирургической техникой, что сокращает сроки пребывания пациентов в стационаре.

 



Еще статьи из этой рубрики:

    Лучшие тайские средства для красоты волос и кожи
    Косметические средства из Таиланда – это не только бережная забота о Вашей коже и волосах, но также лечение и профилактика различных заболеваний.

    Почему многие мамы предпочитают рожать в США?
    Беременная женщина желает для своего будущего малыша только самого лучшего. Для мамы и ее ребенка роды являются настоящим испытанием, поэтому необходимо максимально обезопасить этот процесс. Именно поэтому многие предпочитают родить в США, где уровень медицинского обслуживания высок, а персонал готов к любым непредвиденным ситуациям.

    Как предотвратить раннее появление морщин
    Ежедневно лицо человека выражает огромное количество эмоций. Морщинки, называемые мимическими, могут появиться в совсем раннем возрасте. Самыми первыми появляются носогубные морщины.

Войти через loginza

53 Responses to Травмы позвоночника и их лечение

  1. I just want to tell you that I am all new to weblog and truly enjoyed you’re web-site. Most likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You amazingly come with great stories. Regards for revealing your web-site.

  2. How does blogging/setting up a blog help a small to meduim size business grow?

  3. Keep functioning ,impressive job!

  4. How do I prevent Firefox from opening a site that has a virus?

  5. I have to express some thanks to you for rescuing me from this circumstance. As a result of looking through the world wide web and seeing tricks that were not pleasant, I thought my entire life was over. Existing without the presence of answers to the issues you have sorted out by way of your entire posting is a crucial case, and ones which might have negatively affected my entire career if I had not discovered your web page. That capability and kindness in controlling a lot of stuff was precious. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a stuff like this. I am able to at this point look ahead to my future. Thanks a lot very much for your reliable and results-oriented help. I won’t be reluctant to recommend your web page to any person who ought to have tips about this subject matter.

  6. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday. It will always be exciting to read through content from other writers and practice something from other sites.

  7. Lovely blog! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am taking your feeds also

  8. Hey, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Firefox, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, very good blog!

  9. Hi my family member! I want to say that this article is awesome, nice written and include approximately all important infos. I’d like to peer more posts like this .

  10. I am no longer sure the place you’re getting your info, but great topic. I must spend some time finding out more or understanding more. Thank you for excellent information I was in search of this info for my mission.

  11. I would like to thnkx for the efforts you have put in writing this website. I am hoping the same high-grade site post from you in the upcoming also. In fact your creative writing skills has inspired me to get my own site now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings rapidly. Your write up is a great example of it.

  12. Good way of explaining, and fastidious piece of writing to obtain data on the topic of my presentation subject, which i am going to present in institution of higher education.

  13. Thanks for every other informative blog. The place else could I get that kind of info written in such an ideal approach? I’ve a undertaking that I am just now operating on, and I have been at the glance out for such info.

  14. How do I make one of my blog posts appear on another one of my pages?

  15. What good habits do you want to cultivate?

  16. Within the other hand, no matter how nice being and treating any rig, ultimately it easy to see an incident in the place you must do any help controlling; yet conditioned on how old you are but physical exercise, with all the body for your caravan it is a particularly excessive physical activity. motor movers

  17. Hi there, I discovered your website via Google at the same time as looking for a comparable matter, your website came up, it looks good. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  18. Whats Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It positively useful and it has helped me out loads. I am hoping to contribute & assist different customers like its helped me. Great job.

  19. I haven¡¦t checked in here for some time as I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  20. I¡¦ve learn several good stuff here. Definitely value bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much attempt you place to make such a magnificent informative site.

  21. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my trouble. You are amazing! Thanks!

  22. Wow! Thank you! I permanently needed to write on my site something like that. Can I take a part of your post to my blog?

  23. Definitely, what a splendid blog and informative posts, I will bookmark your website.Have an awsome day!

  24. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research about this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such wonderful info being shared freely out there.

  25. I get pleasure from, lead to I discovered exactly what I used to be looking for. You’ve ended my 4 day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  26. Keep working ,remarkable job!

  27. This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your fantastic post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!

  28. hello!,I like your writing so a lot! percentage we keep up a correspondence more approximately your article on AOL? I require a specialist on this house to resolve my problem. May be that’s you! Looking forward to look you.

  29. I like this post, enjoyed this one regards for posting. «When you make a world tolerable for yourself, you make a world tolerable for others.» by Anais Nin.

  30. Normally I do not read article on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very forced me to check out and do so! Your writing style has been amazed me. Thank you, quite nice article.

  31. Hi my loved one! I want to say that this post is amazing, great written and include almost all important infos. I’d like to see more posts like this.

  32. Some truly prime content on this internet site , bookmarked .

  33. of course like your web-site however you have to check the spelling on several of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very troublesome to inform the truth nevertheless I¡¦ll certainly come again again.

  34. I think this is among the most significant information for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But wanna remark on few general things, The website style is great, the articles is really nice : D. Good job, cheers

  35. Wow! This can be one particular of the most useful blogs We’ve ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Great. I am also an expert in this topic therefore I can understand your effort.

  36. Hello my loved one! I wish to say that this article is amazing, great written and include almost all significant infos. I would like to look extra posts like this .

  37. I haven’t checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  38. I have been surfing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be much more useful than ever before.

  39. I like this post, enjoyed this one thankyou for posting .

  40. Whats Taking place i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It positively helpful and it has aided me out loads. I am hoping to give a contribution & aid other customers like its helped me. Great job.

  41. Hello, you used to write wonderful, but the last several posts have been kinda boring… I miss your great writings. Past few posts are just a little out of track! come on!

  42. Wow, wonderful blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is fantastic, as well as the content!

  43. I was suggested this web site by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my trouble. You are amazing! Thanks!

  44. You could definitely see your expertise in the work you write. The arena hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to say how they believe. Always follow your heart.

  45. I gotta favorite this internet site it seems very beneficial invaluable

  46. I have learn some excellent stuff here. Certainly value bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how so much effort you set to make this kind of magnificent informative site.

  47. I¡¦ve been exploring for a little bit for any high-quality articles or weblog posts in this sort of space . Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this web site. Reading this info So i am satisfied to express that I’ve an incredibly good uncanny feeling I came upon exactly what I needed. I so much unquestionably will make sure to don¡¦t forget this website and give it a glance on a continuing basis.

  48. You could definitely see your expertise within the paintings you write. The arena hopes for even more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. At all times go after your heart.

  49. I’d must talk with you here. Which isn’t some thing I usually do! I love to reading an article which will make people feel. Also, thank you allowing me to comment!

  50. free radicals can really damage your cells, that is why i always take antioxidants~

  51. I do accept as true with all the concepts you’ve presented in your post. They’re really convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are very quick for novices. Could you please extend them a little from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  52. Whats Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It positively useful and it has helped me out loads. I’m hoping to contribute & assist different users like its aided me. Good job.

  53. I wanted to jot down a small message to appreciate you for these splendid strategies you are giving at this site. My particularly long internet research has now been recognized with awesome knowledge to go over with my family. I would say that we readers actually are undeniably blessed to be in a remarkable website with very many special people with valuable concepts. I feel truly fortunate to have seen your web pages and look forward to plenty of more fun minutes reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things.

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *

Немного информации о пользе чая Аюрведические массажи с травяными мешочками Оформление больничного через интернет Бесконтактный макияж – легко! Чем хороша минеральная косметика Избавиться от подростковых прыщей просто Ежедневный уход за внешностью в холодное время года Как сделать кожу лица идеально гладкой Развитие парфюмерной промышленности Как подобрать платье на каждый день