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Вред алкоголя при беременности

Вред алкоголя при беременностиНекоторые женщины считают, что если употреблять алкоголя во время беременности в небольших количествах, то это не то что безвредно, а наоборот, даже полезно, например при простуде или снятии нервного напряжения. Однако многие даже не имеют представления о том, что происходит с их организмом в этот момент.

У тех женщин, которые на протяжении беременности употребляли алкоголь, ребеночек может родиться с тяжелыми нарушениями здоровья. Специалисты ввели специальный термин для деток, чьи мамы злоупотребляли алкоголем на протяжении беременности – алкогольный синдром плода.

Вот его некоторые признаки: при рождении у ребенка низкая масса тела, задержка роста, косоглазие, удлинение лица, маленькая голова, низкий лоб, «заячья губа», «волчья пасть», отклонении расположения пальцев, уплощение затылка, задержка в развитии тазобедренных суставов, укорочение стоп и т.д. И это далеко не полный список того, что может произойти с ребенком, мама которого употребляла алкоголь во время беременности.

Если во время зачатия малыша кто-либо из родителей находился в состоянии алкогольного опьянения, то вероятнее всего, что генетический код будущего малыша уже получал некоторые сигналы. И как в дальнейшем они могут отразиться на развитии ребенка, никому не известно. Также у деток, зачатых пьяными родителями, в десятки раз чаще наблюдаются нервные и психические расстройства.

На каких этапах беременности алкоголь наиболее вреден

Первые несколько недель оплодотворенная яйцеклетка не прикрепляется к матке, поэтому она не так сильно подвержена негативному влиянию алкоголя. А вот дальше, 4- 12 недели, наступает самый опасный период. В это время происходит активное деление яйцеклетки, закладываются органы и ткани малыша. С 8 по 12 неделю происходит формирование мозга плода, и алкоголь негативно воздействует на нервные клетки, даже единственный глоток спиртного может повлечь за собой выкидыш.

Начиная с 15 недели, наступает более спокойный этап, однако это не говорит о том, что можно употреблять алкоголь. Ведь никто не знает, как он отразится на ребеночке. Так зачем же лишний раз рисковать?

После 20 недели у ребенка уже сформировались все органы, и употребление спиртного в этот момент может привести к гипоксии или даже к преждевременным родам.

Врачи, которые занимаются изучением вопроса о влиянии алкоголя на беременную женщину, заявляют, что чем ближе предстоящая дата родов, тем меньше препятствий у спиртного на пути к ребенку.

Если вы хотите, чтобы ваш малыш был крепким и здоровым, исключите алкоголь из вашей жизни как во время планирования, так и во время протекания беременности.



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48 Responses to Вред алкоголя при беременности

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